Reduced system dependability and higher maintenance costs may be the consequence of poor electric power quality, which can disturb normal equipment performance, speed up aging, and even cause outright failures. This study implements and tests a prototype of an Online Sequential Extreme Learning Machine (OS-ELM) classifier based on wavelets for detecting power quality problems under transient conditions. In order to create the classifier, the OSELM-network model and the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) method are combined. First, discrete wavelet transform (DWT) multi-resolution analysis (MRA) was used to extract characteristics of the distorted signal at various resolutions. The OSELM then sorts the retrieved data by transient duration and energy features to determine the kind of disturbance. The suggested approach requires less memory space and processing time since it can minimize a large quantity of the distorted signal's characteristics without changing the signal's original quality. Several types of transient events were used to demonstrate the classifier's ability to detect and categorize various types of power disturbances, including sags, swells, momentary interruptions, oscillatory transients, harmonics, notches, spikes, flickers, sag swell, sag mi, sag harm, swell trans, sag spike, and swell spike.
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