随着几个行业正在朝着建模大规模的3D虚拟世界迈进,因此需要根据3D内容的数量,质量和多样性来扩展的内容创建工具的需求变得显而易见。在我们的工作中,我们旨在训练Parterant 3D生成模型,以合成纹理网格,可以通过3D渲染引擎直接消耗,因此立即在下游应用中使用。 3D生成建模的先前工作要么缺少几何细节,因此在它们可以生成的网格拓扑中受到限制,通常不支持纹理,或者在合成过程中使用神经渲染器,这使得它们在常见的3D软件中使用。在这项工作中,我们介绍了GET3D,这是一种生成模型,该模型直接生成具有复杂拓扑,丰富几何细节和高保真纹理的显式纹理3D网格。我们在可区分的表面建模,可区分渲染以及2D生成对抗网络中桥接了最新成功,以从2D图像集合中训练我们的模型。 GET3D能够生成高质量的3D纹理网格,从汽车,椅子,动物,摩托车和人类角色到建筑物,对以前的方法进行了重大改进。
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给定一个较小的培训数据集和学习算法,要达到目标验证或测试性能需要多少数据?这个问题至关重要,在诸如自动驾驶或医学成像之类的应用中,收集数据昂贵且耗时。高估或低估数据需求会带来大量费用,而预算可以避免。关于神经缩放定律的先前工作表明,幂律函数可以符合验证性能曲线并将其推断为较大的数据集大小。我们发现,这并不能立即转化为估计所需数据集大小以满足目标性能的更困难的下游任务。在这项工作中,我们考虑了一系列的计算机视觉任务,并系统地研究了一个概括功能功能的功能家族,以便更好地估算数据需求。最后,我们表明,结合调整的校正因子并在多个回合中收集会显着提高数据估计器的性能。使用我们的准则,从业人员可以准确估算机器学习系统的数据要求,以节省开发时间和数据采集成本。
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带有像素天标签的注释图像是耗时和昂贵的过程。最近,DataSetGan展示了有希望的替代方案 - 通过利用一小组手动标记的GaN生成的图像来通过生成的对抗网络(GAN)来综合大型标记数据集。在这里,我们将DataSetGan缩放到ImageNet类别的规模。我们从ImageNet上训练的类条件生成模型中拍摄图像样本,并为所有1K类手动注释每个类的5张图像。通过在Biggan之上培训有效的特征分割架构,我们将Bigan转换为标记的DataSet生成器。我们进一步表明,VQGan可以类似地用作数据集生成器,利用已经注释的数据。我们通过在各种设置中标记一组8K实图像并在各种设置中评估分段性能来创建一个新的想象因基准。通过广泛的消融研究,我们展示了利用大型生成的数据集来培训在像素 - 明智的任务上培训不同的监督和自我监督的骨干模型的大增益。此外,我们证明,使用我们的合成数据集进行预培训,以改善在几个下游数据集上的标准Imagenet预培训,例如Pascal-VOC,MS-Coco,Citycapes和Chink X射线以及任务(检测,细分)。我们的基准将公开并维护一个具有挑战性的任务的排行榜。项目页面:https://nv-tlabs.github.io/big-dataseTgan/
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最近在图像编辑中找到了生成的对抗网络(GANS)。但是,大多数基于GaN的图像编辑方法通常需要具有用于训练的语义分段注释的大规模数据集,只提供高级控制,或者仅在不同图像之间插入。在这里,我们提出了EditGan,一种用于高质量,高精度语义图像编辑的新方法,允许用户通过修改高度详细的部分分割面罩,例如,为汽车前灯绘制新掩模来编辑图像。编辑登上的GAN框架上建立联合模型图像及其语义分割,只需要少数标记的示例,使其成为编辑的可扩展工具。具体地,我们将图像嵌入GaN潜在空间中,并根据分割编辑执行条件潜代码优化,这有效地修改了图像。算优化优化,我们发现在实现编辑的潜在空间中找到编辑向量。该框架允许我们学习任意数量的编辑向量,然后可以直接应用于交互式速率的其他图像。我们通过实验表明,EditGan可以用前所未有的细节和自由来操纵图像,同时保留完整的图像质量。我们还可以轻松地组合多个编辑并执行超出EditGan训练数据的合理编辑。我们在各种图像类型上展示编辑,并定量优于标准编辑基准任务的几种先前编辑方法。
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Generative adversarial networks (GANs) have made great success in image inpainting yet still have difficulties tackling large missing regions. In contrast, iterative algorithms, such as autoregressive and denoising diffusion models, have to be deployed with massive computing resources for decent effect. To overcome the respective limitations, we present a novel spatial diffusion model (SDM) that uses a few iterations to gradually deliver informative pixels to the entire image, largely enhancing the inference efficiency. Also, thanks to the proposed decoupled probabilistic modeling and spatial diffusion scheme, our method achieves high-quality large-hole completion. On multiple benchmarks, we achieve new state-of-the-art performance. Code is released at https://github.com/fenglinglwb/SDM.
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Autonomous cars are indispensable when humans go further down the hands-free route. Although existing literature highlights that the acceptance of the autonomous car will increase if it drives in a human-like manner, sparse research offers the naturalistic experience from a passenger's seat perspective to examine the human likeness of current autonomous cars. The present study tested whether the AI driver could create a human-like ride experience for passengers based on 69 participants' feedback in a real-road scenario. We designed a ride experience-based version of the non-verbal Turing test for automated driving. Participants rode in autonomous cars (driven by either human or AI drivers) as a passenger and judged whether the driver was human or AI. The AI driver failed to pass our test because passengers detected the AI driver above chance. In contrast, when the human driver drove the car, the passengers' judgement was around chance. We further investigated how human passengers ascribe humanness in our test. Based on Lewin's field theory, we advanced a computational model combining signal detection theory with pre-trained language models to predict passengers' humanness rating behaviour. We employed affective transition between pre-study baseline emotions and corresponding post-stage emotions as the signal strength of our model. Results showed that the passengers' ascription of humanness would increase with the greater affective transition. Our study suggested an important role of affective transition in passengers' ascription of humanness, which might become a future direction for autonomous driving.
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Text generation has long been a popular research topic in NLP. However, the task of generating recruitment emails from recruiters to candidates in the job recommendation scenario has received little attention by the research community. This work aims at defining the topic of automatic email generation for job recommendation, identifying the challenges, and providing a baseline template-based solution for Danish jobs. Evaluation by human experts shows that our method is effective. We wrap up by discussing the future research directions for better solving this task.
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In this work, we present a new computer vision task named video object of interest segmentation (VOIS). Given a video and a target image of interest, our objective is to simultaneously segment and track all objects in the video that are relevant to the target image. This problem combines the traditional video object segmentation task with an additional image indicating the content that users are concerned with. Since no existing dataset is perfectly suitable for this new task, we specifically construct a large-scale dataset called LiveVideos, which contains 2418 pairs of target images and live videos with instance-level annotations. In addition, we propose a transformer-based method for this task. We revisit Swin Transformer and design a dual-path structure to fuse video and image features. Then, a transformer decoder is employed to generate object proposals for segmentation and tracking from the fused features. Extensive experiments on LiveVideos dataset show the superiority of our proposed method.
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An obstacle to artificial general intelligence is set by the continual learning of multiple tasks of different nature. Recently, various heuristic tricks, both from machine learning and from neuroscience angles, were proposed, but they lack a unified theory ground. Here, we focus on the continual learning in single-layered and multi-layered neural networks of binary weights. A variational Bayesian learning setting is thus proposed, where the neural network is trained in a field-space, rather than the gradient-ill-defined discrete-weight space, and furthermore, the weight uncertainty is naturally incorporated, and modulates the synaptic resources among tasks. From a physics perspective, we translate the variational continual learning into the Franz-Parisi thermodynamic potential framework, where the previous task knowledge acts as a prior and a reference as well. Therefore, the learning performance can be analytically studied with mean-field order parameters, whose predictions coincide with the numerical experiments using stochastic gradient descent methods. Our proposed principled frameworks also connect to elastic weight consolidation, and neuroscience inspired metaplasticity, providing a theory-grounded method for the real-world multi-task learning with deep networks.
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In recent years, object detection has achieved a very large performance improvement, but the detection result of small objects is still not very satisfactory. This work proposes a strategy based on feature fusion and dilated convolution that employs dilated convolution to broaden the receptive field of feature maps at various scales in order to address this issue. On the one hand, it can improve the detection accuracy of larger objects. On the other hand, it provides more contextual information for small objects, which is beneficial to improving the detection accuracy of small objects. The shallow semantic information of small objects is obtained by filtering out the noise in the feature map, and the feature information of more small objects is preserved by using multi-scale fusion feature module and attention mechanism. The fusion of these shallow feature information and deep semantic information can generate richer feature maps for small object detection. Experiments show that this method can have higher accuracy than the traditional YOLOv3 network in the detection of small objects and occluded objects. In addition, we achieve 32.8\% Mean Average Precision on the detection of small objects on MS COCO2017 test set. For 640*640 input, this method has 88.76\% mAP on the PASCAL VOC2012 dataset.
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